Chicken is the most popular domesticated animal in the world. Its scientific name is Gallus gallus domesticus. All domesticated chickens descended from Red Junglefowl or Gallus gallus which was domesticated thousands of years ago in Asia. Chickens are kept by humans as a primary source of food Â– meat and eggs. Here are some of the most interesting facts about chicken.
Chicken is the most popular domesticated animal in the world. Its scientific name is Gallus gallus domesticus. All domesticated chickens descended from Red Junglefowl or Gallus gallus which was domesticated thousands of years ago in Asia. Chickens are kept by humans as a primary source of food – meat and eggs. Here are some of the most interesting facts (n0t pox) about chicken.
1.) There are more chickens in the world than any other species of bird.
2.) In 2003, the chicken population in the world reached 24 billion which is four times the population of humans.
3.) Chickens from India were first domesticated not for food consumption but for cockfighting.
4.) “Cock” is the term for adult male chicken in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Australia.
5.) In the United States and Canada, the term for adult male chicken is “rooster”.
6.) Male chickens younger than 12 months are called “cockerel” while castrated roosters are called “capons”.
7.) Adult female chickens are called “hens” and younger females are known as “pullets”.
8.) The meat of a chicken is called “chicken” and a baby chicken is called “chicks”.
9.) In some parts of southern United States, chickens are colloquially known as “yardbirds”.
10.) Depending on the breed, chicken may live up to 10 years.
11.) According to the Guinness World Records the oldest chicken, a hen, reached 16 years of age.
12.) Chickens give a low "warning call" when they think they see a predator approaching.
13.) In China, chickens were domesticated in Southern China in 6000 BCE.
14.) A full clutch is usually about 12 eggs and the incubation period for chicken is about 21 days.
15.) Over 50 billion chickens are reared every year as a source of food, for both their meat and their eggs.
16.) Chickens farmed for meat are called “broiler chickens” while chickens farmed for eggs are called “egg-laying hens”.
17.) UK is one of the largest consumers of eggs in the world consuming 29 million eggs every day.
18.) Chicken egg shells are grounded sometimes and used as a food additive to deliver calcium.
19.) Chicken is one of the most used meats in the world because of its relatively low cost.
20.) Chickens are also kept as pet. Silkies and several varieties of bantams are among the most popular pet chicken.
21.) Chickens are not affected by chickenpox.
22.) Among the most common diseases that affect chickens are bird flu, blackbird disease, red mite, gumburo, bumblefoot and others.
23.) Ancient Greeks believed that even lions were afraid of cocks.
24.) The cock is a symbol for both vigilance and betrayal. It was based on the Bible when Peter betrayed Jesus 3 times prior to His arrests.
25.) One of the most peculiar breed of chicken which was developed by the Mapuche people of Chile id the Araucana. They lay blue-green eggs and some are tailless and some have ear tufts.
26.) The largest consumer of eggs in the world is China with an average annual consumption of 28.6 million tones.