Poultry the most interesting birds for human being all over the world
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Poultry the most interesting birds for human being all over the world

Birds that are raised to provide their meat and eggs are called poultry. The most important kinds of poultry are chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. These birds are important all over the world. Some species of these birds have been raised for food for thousands of years. Ancient Chinese documents mention poultry. Poultry was common in Egypt as early as the time of the Pharaoh.

Birds that are raised to provide their meat and eggs are called poultry. The most important kinds of poultry are chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. These birds are important all over the world. Some species of these birds have been raised for food for thousands of years. Ancient Chinese documents mention poultry. Poultry was common in Egypt as early as the time of the Pharaoh.

Chickens were first tamed 2,500 years ago, and there are now over 100 breeds, including bantams and Rhode Island reds. Female chickens and turkeys are called hens. Male chickens are called roosters or cockerels. Male turkeys are toms. Baby turkeys are called   poults. To keep hens laying their eggs must be collected daily. If not, the hens will wait until they have a small clutch of eggs and then try to sit on them to hatch them. Battery hens spend their lives crowded into rows of boxes called batteries inside buildings. Free-range hens are allowed to scratch outdoors for insects and seeds. Chickens raised only for eating are called broilers. Turkeys are a kind of pheasant. There are several species, but all are descended from the native wild turkey of North America, first tamed by Native Americans 1,000 years ago. Male turkeys have a loose fold of bare, floppy skin called a wattle hanging down from their head and neck.

A Wild Turkey

The most important kind of poultry is chicken. Chicken meat is enjoyed as a food in most parts of the world. Famous chicken recipes have come from many places. Chicken eggs, too, are an important food wherever they are available.

There two types of commercial chicken farming namely egg farming and meat, or broiler, farming. A broiler is a young chicken that is raised for its meat. Chickens are specially raised for egg farming or for broiler farming. A chicken suitable for one type farming may not be suitable for the other. The broiler farmer usually wants a fast-growing, meaty chicken. The egg farmer wants a bird that lay of a lot of big eggs and has a small body that does not need much food.

An egg is one of the wonders of nature. It is one of nature’s most complete foods, sugars, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals are all packaged within the shell. A good egg-producing chicken lays about 225 to 250 eggs in a year.

In the U.S. turkey farming is a big business, too. These birds produce large amounts of white breast meat. Turkeys are raised only for their meat.

Canada Geese on Spokane River, Washington

Traditionally goose was eaten by Europeans during their Christmas holiday celebrations but it has never become very popular as meat, in other parts of the world. The goose is valued for its taste and size and also for its fathers and long, productive life. Geese are usually raised in small group on small farms.

A Male Mandarin Duck

The domestications of ducks began long ago. The ancient Chinese have been known as duck breeders as far back as their history records. They were probably the first to domesticate ducks. The modern Peking duck, the most important breed used on large duck farms, is of Chinese origin.

Ducks, Chickens and other Poultry

Ducks are raised largely for food, although in many countries they are also raised for their eggs. In England and in the rest of Europe duck eggs are considered a delicacy and are widely eaten.

Ducks may also be raised as pets. They are usually more agreeable than geese, which are also sometimes bred as pets. Ducks may even become fond of their owners and follow them around.

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Comments (1)

An excellent topic which hardly been talked about. Well presented.

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